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Lynbrook Optical
A: Lynbrook Village Shopping Centre Shop 15,
75 Lynbrook Boulevard,, Lynbrook. VIC., 3975Australia
03 9702 9118

Common Eye Disorders and Diseases

Tue Jan 23 2024

Our vision is incredibly important, yet various disorders and diseases can impact our eyes, affecting how well we see. Optometrists play a key role in identifying and treating these issues using methods like glasses, medication, or rehabilitation and referring to ophthalmologists for surgery when needed.

There's quite a range of vision problems and eye disorders out there. While many are treatable, some unfortunately cannot be cured. Taking care of your eye health involves maintaining a healthy lifestyle, getting regular eye check-ups, and promptly visiting an eye doctor if you notice changes in your vision.

Rising Concerns about Eye Diseases

Chronic eye diseases are becoming a growing concern, with age-related macular degeneration expected to affect around 13 million individuals in Australia [1]. That's a substantial increase over recent decades. Factors like excessive screen time, sun exposure, smoking, and uncontrolled high blood pressure might contribute to more eye problems in the future [2].

Common Eye Conditions

  1. Dry Eyes: Insufficient tear production due to various factors like age, gender, medications, environmental conditions, inflammation, or nerve damage [3].
  2. Presbyopia: Age-related difficulty focusing on close objects, commonly observed as people get older [4].
  3. Astigmatism: Irregular curvature of the cornea or lens causing blurred vision at various distances [5].
  4. Hyperopia (Farsightedness): Difficulty seeing close objects clearly due to the eye's inability to focus properly [6].
  5. Myopia (Nearsightedness): Difficulty seeing distant objects clearly due to the eye's inability to focus properly [7].
  6. Strabismus: Misalignment of the eyes, causing problems with coordination and depth perception [8].
  7. Red Eyes: Often caused by allergies, infections, or irritants leading to the expansion and inflammation of blood vessels in the eyes [9].
  8. Amblyopia (Lazy Eye): Reduced vision in one eye due to lack of use during childhood development [10].
  9. Cataract: Clouding of the eye lens resulting in blurry vision, caused by various factors like genetics, diabetes, sun exposure, injuries, medications, or alcohol use [11].
  10. Diabetes-related Retinopathy: High blood sugar levels damaging the delicate blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision distortion [12].
  11. Glaucoma: Build-up of eye pressure leading to damage of the optic nerve, resulting in irreversible vision loss [13].
  12. Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD): Impaired central vision affecting the macula in the retina, commonly seen in individuals over 50 years old. [14].

Understanding What Eye Problems Need Immediate Attention.

Certain eye conditions demand urgent medical attention due to their potential to cause irreversible vision impairment or severe complications. Retinal Detachment, Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma, and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are among those urgent eye conditions. Timely evaluation and intervention for cataracts prevent progressive blurriness, while prompt care for retinopathy stemming from high blood sugar levels avoids potential vision distortion. Immediate attention to glaucoma helps prevent irreversible optic nerve damage, and swift management of AMD, particularly in individuals over 50, is crucial to slow the disease progression. These conditions among many others necessitate urgent medical assessment and proactive measures to safeguard vision and maintain optimal eye health.

Tips for Keeping Your Eyes Healthy

Making healthy lifestyle choices like maintaining a healthy weight, managing blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol, avoiding smoking, and moderating alcohol consumption can reduce the risk of eye diseases. A balanced diet rich in vitamins and antioxidants also promotes eye health.

Protecting your eyes from harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses and avoiding prolonged sun exposure can prevent conditions like cataracts and macular degeneration. Protective eyewear during contact sports or specific jobs helps prevent eye injuries that could worsen vision problems.

Importance of Regular Eye Exams

Our optometrist recommends an eye test every one to two years depending on your age and current eye condition. Regular eye tests and eye check-ups are crucial in maintaining your overall eye health. It's not only important to check if you need glasses but to take a holistic approach so we can detect any underlying issues before they become a problem.

Taking proactive steps to address common visual disorders is essential in safeguarding your precious vision. Many people face risks from chronic diseases in their daily lives, and it's crucial to understand your risk factors and take steps to preserve your vision. 

If you have any concerning eye condition or experience symptoms such as changes in vision, make an appointment with an eye doctor. You can book a bulk billed eye test with our optometrist online or call us at 03 9702 9118.

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