The term "glaucoma" refers to a set of eye disorders that harm the optic nerve and, if untreated, frequently result in vision loss and blindness. It affects more than 60 million people, making it one of the leading global causes of lifelong blindness. Increased intraocular pressure (IOP), which causes glaucoma, over time affects the optic nerve gradually. Glaucoma frequently advances silently until severe vision loss has occurred. Because of this, routine eye tests are essential for early detection and treatment.
The optic nerve, which carries visual data from the eye to the brain, is harmed by the degenerative eye disease glaucoma. It typically happens as a result of too high ocular pressure. Glaucoma results in dark spots and tunnel vision that eventually lead to blindness if untreated. Treatment options for lowering intraocular pressure and safeguarding eyesight include eye medicines, laser therapy, and surgery.
Since the other eye can adequately compensate for the loss of peripheral vision caused by glaucoma, people do not notice minor changes in their vision. Glaucoma is known as the "silent thief of sight" for this reason. Some symptoms include:
Open-angle (Chronic) Glaucoma - It is caused due to the drainage canals in the eyes clogging up, increasing ocular pressure.
Angle-Closure (Acute) Glaucoma - It happens when the drainage angle in the eye unexpectedly shuts, leading to a sudden increase in eye pressure.
Congenital Glaucoma - Rare disorder brought on by improper drainage canal development in the eyes, present from birth. The first signs show up in infancy or early childhood.
Secondary Glaucoma - This kind of glaucoma can be caused by blocked drainage by a wound, an infection, a tumor, or an advanced cataract.
Certain factors increase the risk of developing glaucoma:
Age Factors - A major risk factor is age, with glaucoma frequency rising sharply beyond the age of 60.
Chronic Conditions - Medical problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and hypothyroidism, increase a person's risk of developing glaucoma.
High Eye Pressure - An important risk factor is increased intraocular pressure (IOP), which measures the fluid pressure inside the eye.
Early glaucoma detection is essential to preventing vision loss. During eye exams, we look for certain signs like high IOP, visual field loss and optic nerve damage. Early treatment with drugs, laser surgery, or other techniques can considerably decrease the development of the condition and protect vision. Call today and schedule a glaucoma screening with Lynbrook Optical!
Please visit the Glaucoma Australia Website for more information visit http://www.glaucoma.org.au